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When washing your hands, it is important to make sure you do this effectively and properly. Now, there are lots of guidance within how to hand wash and charts like this are available and they are often there to put into posters near wherever you are going to be washing your hands. What they do is they very clearly show exactly all of the stages that you need to properly clean your hands. So what I am going to do now is, using this chart we are going to work through the correct process of actually ensuring that you have cleaned your hands correctly. It may well be you that are doing your washing your hands before you do a medical procedure, or are cleaning your hands for any other reason, or if you come into contact with anything that can possibly be infectious or dirty how to then clean your hands afterwards.

The first thing we need to look at is jewellery. I have got a watch on, so I am going to need to remove the actual watch. Maybe we will have to wash the watch separately. If there is blood on the watch, then pop that into the sink and wash that while I am doing the hand washing. Now with rings, if the ring can be removed then remove it and again make sure you clean it. If it is a ring that will not physically come off, like some of the band wedding rings, you may well just find when you are washing you need to then move it to make sure you can clean underneath it. If the ring will not come off, then obviously you need to work around it. But often with other rings, you can remove them.

The first thing we need to do is wet our hands. Now with these types of taps here, they are different designs but with this one what we are trying not to do is put my dirty hands on the tap that someone else is then going to come up to and maybe get the infection up from the material that is on my hands. So assuming here, my arms are quite clean, so I can just put my arm underneath and I can turn the tap on, and I can move it from left to right to change the actual temperature of the water depending on how much I want to come through. Let's start with you need to wet your hands, making sure there is plenty of water on them. What we then need to do is apply some soap. Now what we have got here is anti-bacterial soap. This will come in different types of dispensers, some of them are automatic, you literally just put your hand underneath. But this type of one here, again, we can just squeeze it down.

Now we want to put enough soap on so we can completely cover our hands. So the first stages are, we are rubbing our hands together to ensure that we completely cover the whole of the palms of the hands. Once we have done that, we are then going to go between the fingers. So we are just rubbing between, you can rub this way, also backwards, making sure that the whole time you are rubbing all around the fingers themselves. Once we have done that, we need to make sure we have cleaned under the nails and the fingertips. So for this, you can just rub your hand firmly into the palm of the other hand, and again on the other side. And also, pushing your hands around in this action is making sure as much of the surface area of your hands is being covered as you can.

Next is the thumbs. For this, wrap the hand around the thumb and twist. And again on the other hand. And again making sure that all of the fingertips are done. We mentioned rings earlier. Here you may want to move the ring, just make absolutely sure there's nothing around it, there's no dirt, push it back, push it up and down a few times to make sure it is nice and clean underneath and soap has got all in there. The final bit is the wrists. So we are running around the wrists themselves. Once you are sure that all of your hands is completely cleaned, all you need to do is then to rinse off the soap. So again, using your elbow, turn the tap on. Pop your hands under the tap and we need to rinse thoroughly, using the same technique as we have used already to put the soap on, so making sure all of the soap has been removed from underneath rings, you have covered your fingertips, around your thumbs, all-around your hands, and between the fingers.

We then want to ensure that the taps are turned off, again, pushing down with your elbow. You need to shake off the worst of the water. So then to dry our hands, we are using single-use towels, so pull a towel down from the dispenser. We can then make sure we dry our hands-off. Once you have used the towel, pop it into the bin and then use as many towels as you need to to make sure that all of the water is off. And make sure you have cleaned, again, underneath the rings. Just make sure that is all fully dry. And again, then dispose of the towel in the bin correctly.